Magnetometer array studies in Finland - determination of single station transfer functions

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K. Pajunpaa


In 1981 and 1982 four arrays of 30 or 31 magnetometers were operated on the Baltic Shield in central and south-eastern Finland to measure the natural magnetic field variations. These measurements were used to deduce some information about the lateral variation of the electrical conductivity within the Earth's crust. The stations were situated between latitudes 56° and 64° geomagnetic north. As substorms often extend over this area, most magnetic disturbance events have strong external spatial gradients and are not suitable for determining the electrical conductivity distribution inside the Earth. Some magnetic disturbance events with only smooth external spatial gradients could be selected and used for further analysis. For 11 of these events (2–6 h long), the horizontal spatial wavenumber k has been calculated. The product of the wavenumber k and the inductive scale length C was then used as an acceptance criterion and as a weighting function in the calculation of single station transfer functions. Most of the data were not acceptable for the criterion k · |C| < 0.3 for periods longer than 500 s. Because of the small number of acceptable data the statistical significance was not sufficient for all sites. Despite these problems induction vectors and conducted hypothetical vertical field maps could be used to locate conductivity anomalies. Intensive induction was found in three zones in the area under investigation.

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Pajunpaa, K. 1984. “Magnetometer Array Studies in Finland - Determination of Single Station Transfer Functions”. Journal of Geophysics 55 (1), 153-60.
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