Teleseismic evidence for velocity heterogeneity beneath the Rhenish Massif

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S. Raikes


Observations of teleseismic P wave residuals for 56 stations in the vicinity of the Rhenish Massif show that arrivals within the Massif may be up to 0.6 s later than those immediately outside. Stations within the Massif also tend to have delays which are strongly azimuthally dependent (up to 1 s variation) in marked contrast to those outside (maximum 0.3 s variation). The strongest variation and delays are associated with the area of the Massif west of the Rhine, and preliminary modelling suggests they are caused by a low velocity region in the uppermost mantle (ca. 50–150 km depth) centred beneath the West Eifel volcanic field. Delays of up to 0.8 s, but with little azimuthal variation, are also found within the Vogelsberg volcanics, and are attributed to a shallower (≲60 km) low velocity region.

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Raikes, S. (1980). Teleseismic evidence for velocity heterogeneity beneath the Rhenish Massif. Journal of Geophysics, 48(1), 80-83. Retrieved from
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