Ground-satellite coordinated study of the April 5, 1979 events: observation of 0+ cyclotron waves
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In a period of particularly large magnetospheric disturbance, large amplitude pc2 waves were observed in the late dawn sector on GEOS-2 and in the vicinity of the foot-point of the satellite's field line. The waves have dominantly left-hand polarization and their frequency is closely correlated to the O+ gyrofrequency in the magnetosphere. After the start of the pc2 activity, the GEOS-2 particle detectors measured an enhanced flux of energetic O+ ions in the energy range from 0.9-16 keV. By calculating the dispersion of ion cyclotron waves in a multicomponent plasma, it is shown that the energetic O+ ions can destabilize the observed pc2 waves.
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